Perdue was one of 14 governors who met with the president.
In a meeting with reporters, Perdue said the mission is clear.
"It starts with jobs," she explained.
Perdue said the conversation ranged from improving the nation's aging transportation infrastructure to needed work on the power grid, but it was all in the context of job creation, education, and reeducation.
"By educating and offering folks who are out of jobs an opportunity to go back to community college to re-educate themselves, that's a comprehensive goal shared by all of us this morning," she said.
Perdue will remain in the nation's capital for the National Governors Association winter meetings running Saturday through Monday. Perdue's office says she is one of four chief executives picked to speak with Obama again Monday in a governors-only meeting.
Perdue plans more meetings in Washington on Tuesday, including a visit to the Pentagon.