The squadron, nicknamed "Hurricane Hunters," is flying daily into the eye of Hurricane Florence, the Category 2 storm destined to make landfall sometime in the next day or so.
Based in Biloxi, MS, three WC-130J aircraft arrived in the region on Sunday at the request of the National Hurricane Center.
"We're just trying to make it so that there's a more accurate prediction," Maj. Tobi Baker told ABC11. "With our data a lot of times it will increase the accuracy between 35% to 45% percent. If we can decrease it by that much, you're saving property, and strategically putting resources where they need to be."
Over the course of the nearly 9-hour flight, Baker's team of weather officers drop dozens of small canisters, called Dropsondes, which parachute through the eye and contain several instruments to measure data that a satellite cannot: wind speed, wind direction, intensity, pressure, and temperature, among other things.
The clear blue sky is indeed the eye of the storm. Tough to capture on camera what you see outside the window - the curved clouds, the different colors. Just an extraordinary flight. @ABC11_WTVD @ABCWorldNews @ABC @53rdWRS #HurricanceFlorence pic.twitter.com/vW8riwZjYE— Jonah Kaplan (@KaplanABC11) September 12, 2018
"Every ten minutes is like a text message sent to the National Hurricane Center," Maj. Baker adds. "So they're collecting information real time."
At the other end of the aircraft, a separate crew from the U.S. Navy dropped larger instruments that fall directly to the ocean to gauge the water temperature.
"The reason we do this is so that we can narrow that cone - the cone of confusion," Lt. Col. Jerry Rutland, the flight's pilot, tells ABC11 as he refers to the range of projected paths of the hurricane. "Sometimes a lot of people in a mass evacuation, some people die while they're evacuating. So if we can keep fewer people evacuating and saving communities' money, that's a win-win."