In ringing and personal terms, President Donald Trump on Thursday pledged that "we will overcome addiction in America," declaring opioid abuse a national public health emergency and announcing new steps to combat what he described as the worst drug crisis in U.S. history.
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Trump's declaration, which will be effective for 90 days and can be renewed, will allow the government to redirect resources, including toward expanded access to medical services in rural areas. But it won't bring new dollars to fight a scourge that kills, by many estimates, more than 100 Americans every day.
"As Americans, we cannot allow this to continue," Trump said in a speech at the White House, where he bemoaned an epidemic he said had spared no segment of American society, affecting rural areas and cities, rich and poor and both the elderly and newborns. "It is time to liberate our communities from this scourge of drug addiction," he said. "We can be the generation that ends the opioid epidemic."
READ MORE: Complete coverage of the opioid crisis
After President Trump's announcement, Gov. Roy Cooper weighed in, releasing the following statement Thursday on the President's declaration of a public health emergency: "Opioid abuse is plaguing families and communities across our state and our nation. Today's declaration gives the federal government the ability to deploy crucial medical resources and waive regulatory hurdles to address this public health emergency. It will help further the efforts we are already taking as a part of North Carolina's State Action Plan, and we will investigate our options as a state as the federal government takes these additional steps. We know we can't arrest our way out of this crisis and any solution will depend on access to treatment and quality health care. Every tool must be available in this effort."
Deaths have surged from opioids, which include some prescribed painkillers, heroin and synthetic drugs such as fentanyl, often sold on the nation's streets.
Officials said they also would urge Congress, during end-of-the-year budget negotiations, to add new cash to a public health emergency fund that Congress hasn't replenished for years. The Public Health Emergency Fund currently contains just $57,000, according to the Department of Health and Human Services, a negligible amount. Officials would not disclose how much they were seeking.
But critics said Thursday's words weren't enough. In Raleigh, Tessie Castillo with the NC Harm Reduction Coalition was skeptical. "We don't know what the funds will be targeted for," she said. "I'm just not really convinced that this administration understands the opioid crisis and what it will take to resolve it. "
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Castillo was concerned that the President didn't declare the crisis a "national emergency;" he stopped short of that, instead calling it a "public health emergency."
The main difference? Money, according to SouthLight Healthcare's CEO Dr. Tad Clodfelter.
"What it won't do," Clodfelter explained, "which a national emergency would have done, is create a path for the rapid release of federal money to address the problem."
Clodfelter said it would free up grand money and ease regulations that can complicate addiction services, but he said the declaration doesn't go as far as declaring a national emergency would have.
"We lose thousands of people a month to opioids," Castillo said, "so the longer it takes to declare a crisis and actually put more resources into fighting it, the more people die. So it's really unfortunate that it's taking this long. I'm skeptical because the record of this administration is anti-medication assisted treatment, anti-treatment though encarceration, and anti-policies that help people get health insurance; so, I don't have a whole lot of reasons to be helpful about this.
Nationally, critics had similar reactions.
"How can you say it's an emergency if we're not going to put a new nickel in it?" said Dr. Joseph Parks, medical director of the nonprofit National Council for Behavioral Health, which advocates for addiction treatment providers. "As far as moving the money around," he added, "that's like robbing Peter to pay Paul."
Democratic House leader Nancy Pelosi called the new declaration "words without the money."
Trump's audience Thursday included parents who have lost children to drug overdoses, people who have struggled with addiction, first responders and lawmakers.
Trump also spoke personally about his own family's experience with addiction: His older brother, Fred Jr., died after struggling with alcoholism. It's the reason the president does not drink.
Trump described his brother as a "great guy, best-looking guy," with a personality "much better than mine."
"But he had a problem, he had a problem with alcohol," the president said. "I learned because of Fred."
Trump said he hoped a massive advertising campaign, which sounded reminiscent of the 1980s "Just Say No" campaign, might have a similar impact.
"If we can teach young people, and people generally, not to start, it's really, really easy not to take 'em," he said.
It's a path taken by previous presidents, including Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and George H.W. Bush, all of whom tried to rally the nation to confront drug abuse but fell short of solving the problem.
As a presidential candidate, Trump had pledged to make fighting addiction a priority. Once in office, Trump assembled a commission, led by Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey, to study the problem. The commission's interim report argued an emergency declaration would free additional money and resources, but some in Trump's administration disagreed.
"What the president did today was historic and it is an extraordinary beginning set of steps to dealing with this problem," Christie told reporters at the White House after the speech.
Officials said the administration had considered a bolder emergency declaration, under the Stafford Act, which is typically used for natural disasters like hurricanes. But they decided that measure was better suited to more short-term, location-specific crises than the opioid problem. Drug overdoses of all kinds kill an estimated 142 Americans every day.
As a result of Trump's declaration, officials will be able to expand access to telemedicine services, including substance abuse treatment for people living in rural and remote areas. Officials will also be able to more easily deploy state and federal workers, secure Department of Labor grants for the unemployed, and shift funding for HIV and AIDs programs to provide more substance abuse treatment for people already eligible for those programs.
Trump said his administration would also be working to reduce regulatory barriers, such as one that bars Medicaid from paying for addiction treatment in residential rehab facilities larger than 16 beds. He spoke of efforts to require federally employed opioid prescribers to undergo special training, talked about the Postal Service and Homeland Security Department's ramped-up inspection of packages, the Justice Department's targeting of opioid dealers and efforts to develop a non-addictive painkiller.
Trump said one specific prescription opioid, which he described as "truly evil," would be withdrawn immediately from the market. White House spokesman Hogan Gildey later said he was referring to the painkiller Opana ER. That drug was pulled from the market in July at the Food and Drug Administration's request following a 2015 outbreak of HIV and hepatitis C in southern Indiana linked to sharing needles to inject the pills.
Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., said Trump's effort falls far short of what is needed and will divert staff and resources from other vital public health initiatives.
"Families in Connecticut suffering from the opioid epidemic deserve better than half measures and empty rhetoric offered seemingly as an afterthought," he said in a statement. He argued, "An emergency of this magnitude must be met with sustained, robust funding and comprehensive treatment programs."
Democrats also criticized Trump's efforts to repeal and replace the "Obamacare" health law. Its Medicaid expansion has been crucial in confronting the opioid epidemic.
Adopted by 31 states, the Medicaid expansion provides coverage to low-income adults previously not eligible. Many are in their 20s and 30s, a demographic hit hard by the epidemic. Medicaid pays for detox and long-term treatment.
Rep. Seth Moulton, D-Mass., said in a statement that many people addicted to opioids don't have insurance and more must be done to expand coverage.
"We cannot keep having conversations about gutting the ACA while simultaneously talking about the opioid epidemic. And we cannot declare a public health emergency without actually allocating resources to help combat it," he said.
Trump, meanwhile, tempered expectations even as he projected hope.
"Our current addiction crisis, and especially the epidemic of opioid deaths, will get worse before it gets better. But get better it will," he said. "It will take many years and even decades to address this scourge in our society, but we must start in earnest now to combat national health emergency.
"Working together," he said, "we will defeat this opioid epidemic. ... We will free our nation from the terrible affliction of drug abuse. And, yes, we will overcome addiction in America."
The Associated Press contributed to this report.