When she finally had the opportunity to attend school, she was old enough to be in seventh grade, but abruptly left because she had to help support her family on the farm. As an adult , she worked as a nanny to white families in order to feed her nine children.
"My mom would tell us when it gets dark to slip to the back door. She'd be in there cooking and cleaning for them. She'd tell us to slip to the back door. She'd give us food out that back door. That's how we got our supper," said her son, Clinton Stackhouse.
At 102 years old, some things escapes her memory. According to her son, fear kept his mother from voting all these years. Her brother went missing as a teenager and was believed to have been beaten and killed by white men in the community.
WATCH: Fayetteville 102-year-old casts her first vote on land where she once picked cotton
Trauma, along with the lack of education, kept many African Americans from voting in the Jim Crow south. They were also victims of land theft, unknowingly signing over their property.
"Because they couldn't read and write, they'd trick you out of the land," said Gertrude Stackhouse. "They'd take your hand and write your name."
She has been blind for more than 20 years. When she voted for the first time ever last week, she understood finally the value in using her voice.
"Somebody came by today or yesterday with a newspaper wanting her to autograph that article," said Clinton Stackhouse.
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