Benjamin Lee Small, 23, escaped from the jail at about 10:20 p.m. Saturday and is considered dangerous, according to the Davidson County Sheriff's Office.
The suspect is accused of assaulting a female detention officer and taking her keys and other items.
Deputies said she was taken to the hospital were serious, but non-life-threatening injuries.
Warrants were obtained on the suspect for charges of assault inflicting physical injury to a detention officer, escape from a local jail and common law robbery.
The suspect is described as a white male, 5'1" and about 135 pounds with brown hair, hazel eyes and fair skin with tattoos on his left and right arms.
Anyone with any information can call the Davidson County Sheriff's Office at (336) 242-2105 of 911.