What you need to know about the constitutional amendments North Carolina voters will see on ballots

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There's a good chance you've heard about the six constitutional amendments North Carolina voters will see on the ballot in November. Maybe you've seen ads for or against them. If you're unsure about what these amendments mean, you're not alone, and we want to help.

Todo sobre los seis enmiendas constitucionales en su boleta electoral en Espanol.

EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW: 2018 North Carolina voting guide

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Let's take a look at the amendment about judicial vacancies. Here's how the question will appear on the ballot:

Constitutional amendment to change the process for filling judicial vacancies that occur between judicial elections from a process in which the Governor has sole appointment power to a process in which the people of the State nominate individuals to fill vacancies by way of a commission comprised of appointees made by the judicial, executive, and legislative branches charged with making recommendations to the legislature as to which nominees are deemed qualified; then the legislature will recommend at least two nominees to the Governor via legislative action not subject to gubernatorial veto; and the Governor will appoint judges from among these nominees.

So, what does that mean?

Right now, voters elect judges of the supreme, appeals and superior courts to eight-year terms. District judges serve four-year terms. If a judge retires, quits or dies, the governor appoints a new person to serve the remainder of the term until the next election. If this amendment passes it would take that authority away from the governor and allow the chief justice of the state supreme court to choose a new judge in some cases. In others, it would require the governor to choose a new judge from a list provided by state lawmakers in the general assembly.

Supporters of the amendment say it's meant to create a better system of checks and balances on executive authority. Those against it say it's an attempt to take power away from the governor and give it to the legislature.

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One of the more controversial proposed amendments would make changes to the state elections board, the people who oversee elections.

Here's what you'll see on the ballot:

Constitutional amendment to establish an eight-member Bipartisan Board of Ethics and Elections Enforcement in the Constitution to administer ethics and elections law.

Let's break that down.

Right now, there are nine people on the board: four Republicans, four Democrats and one politically unaffiliated person. If this amendment passes it would eliminate the ninth nonpartisan member.

The amendment would also change the way all members of the board are chosen. Right now, the governor chooses members to serve on the board. This amendment would still allow the governor to choose, but they would have to choose from a pool of people approved by the general assembly.

State politicians who have spoken out against this amendment say it gives too much power to legislators. Those who support the changes say the legislature would do a better job vetting candidates and appointees.
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One of the amendments would change the way you vote by requiring a photo ID. The proposal reads:

Constitutional amendment to require voters to provide photo identification before voting in person.

This amendment would allow lawmakers to create a law requiring anyone trying to cast a ballot in person to first show a photo ID. The law has not been written so the amendment does not provide any details of how the changes would be carried out.

Supporters say the amendment will help prevent voter fraud. Opponents say the amendment does not include enough specific information, like what types of identification would be accepted.

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One of the proposed amendments has the potential to impact anyone with a job in the state. But, it wouldn't change anything right away.

Here's what you'll see on the ballot:

Constitutional amendment to reduce the income tax rate in North Carolina to a maximum allowable rate of seven percent.

This amendment would lower the limit on what the government could set as an income tax rate from a maximum of 10 percent to 7 percent. Right now, the state's income tax rate is 5.49 percent.

Supporters of this amendment say it would help prevent legislators from increasing the income tax rate too much if the need arises in the future. Opponents say the plan would shift the tax burden onto lower-income residents

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One of the least controversial proposals involves providing more rights and protections to crime victims. The plan is part of a national push for states to enact a version of the law known as Marsy's Law. Here's what North Carolina voters will see on the ballot:

Constitutional amendment to strengthen protections for victims of crime; to establish certain absolute basic rights for victims; and to ensure the enforcement of these rights.

North Carolina's constitution already includes victim's rights, but this amendment would expand those. The plan would give victims the right to be notified of court proceedings, the right to appear at any proceedings and the option to speak during plea, conviction, judgment, sentencing or release hearings. The amendment also gives victims the right to request they be notified if the person who committed the crime escapes, is up for parole or is released.

Supporters say the changes would give victims more dignity and respect. Opponents say requiring notification at several stages could slow down the legal process and increase costs.

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One of the amendments offers protection for the rights North Carolinians have to hunt and fish. Voters will see this question on their ballots:

Constitutional amendment protecting the right of the people to hunt, fish, and harvest wildlife.

The proposal doesn't offer any other details about what could change if this amendment passes. Some environmental and animal welfare groups say the amendment is too broad and could stop the state from making rules against unsafe hunting methods. Supporters of the plan say it's meant to prevent unnecessary restrictions on hunting.
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