Transgender North Carolinians file lawsuit challenging gender-affirming care ban for minors

WTVD logo
Wednesday, October 11, 2023
Transgender North Carolinians file lawsuit over care ban for minors
EMBED <>More Videos

A federal lawsuit alleges the new NC law violates the 14th Amendment by denying treatment access to transgender youths and undercuts parents' rights to make medical decisions for their children.

RALEIGH, N.C. (WTVD) -- The family of a child in North Carolina is suing state health officials to block the implementation of gender-affirming care restrictions that they say will force their child to undergo a "traumatic wrong-gender puberty."

A federal lawsuit filed Wednesday in U.S. District Court alleges the new state law violates the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment by denying treatment access to transgender youths and undercuts parents' rights to make medical decisions for their children.

The North Carolina lawsuit closely follows the playbook of other successful court challenges to gender-affirming care bans that have swept Republican-controlled states this year. At least 22 states have enacted laws restricting or banning procedures for minors, and legal challenges have delivered mixed results. But court victories in states such as Arkansas, where a federal judge struck down a state ban as unconstitutional, mapped out what Lambda Legal attorney Omar Gonzalez-Pagan views as a winning strategy for transgender North Carolinians.

Transgender youth in the Tar Heel State immediately lost access to transgender-aimed medical treatments on Aug. 16 when Republican supermajorities in the General Assembly overrode a veto of the ban by Democratic Gov. Roy Cooper. State law now bars medical professionals from providing hormone therapy, puberty-blocking drugs, and surgical "gender-transition" procedures to anyone younger than 8, with limited exceptions.

Minors who had begun a course of treatment before Aug. 1 are able to continue receiving that care under the new law if their doctors deem it medically necessary and their parents consent. But providers say it remains unclear whether they could face retribution for transitioning a minor patient from puberty-blocking drugs to cross-sex hormones because the law does not specify whether that would constitute a different course of treatment.

Representatives from Lambda Legal and the National Health Law Program said they also plan to file a motion for a preliminary injunction to block enforcement of the law while the court challenge proceeds. Other plaintiffs include a North Carolina family physician who serves transgender patients and several local and national LGBTQ+ advocacy organizations. The family of the 9-year-old child is listed pseudonymously to protect their privacy, attorneys said.

The complaint alleges the law discriminates against transgender patients because it does not create a blanket ban on hormone therapies and other treatments, but rather prohibits them only when performed "for the purpose of 'gender transition.'"

"There is not one treatment that is offered to transgender patients in North Carolina that is not also offered to the rest of the patients in their care, and yet that very same care would remain perfectly legal for all other patients," said Alex Sheldon, executive director of GLMA: Health Professionals Advancing LGBTQ Equality, an organization involved in the lawsuit.

The offices of Republican General Assembly leaders did not immediately respond to emails seeking comment.

Jean Fischer Brinkley, a spokesperson for the North Carolina Medical Board, declined a request for comment. Board CEO Thomas Mansfield is named as a defendant for his role overseeing licensing for medical professionals in the state.

What proponents call "gender-affirming," critics say is "mutilation" of children too young to make such serious decisions.

"This legal challenge is based both on outdated research and faulty constitutional arguments and constitutes an attack on the people of North Carolina who have passed a law protecting children from mutilation of their bodies and a lifetime of medical and mental problems," said Tami Fitzgerald, Executive Director of the NC Values Coalition. "The plaintiffs ignore the growing body of evidence showing that these treatments are, in fact, experimental which is why numerous countries in Europe - Sweden, England, Finland, Norway, France - have either banned or severely restricted these treatments for minors. The benefits do not outweigh the risks to bone development, brain development or higher rates of suicide as compared to non-transitioned individuals."

North Carolina law also prohibits using state funds to support the provision of gender-transitioning care. This prohibition excludes the North Carolina State Health Plan for government employees and their families, which is under a court order to cover those procedures while a federal appeals court considers a related case.

Medical professionals such as Dr. Riley Smith, the physician who is a plaintiff in the lawsuit filed Wednesday, would have their licenses revoked if they violate the law. Families of minor patients who receive the banned treatments would also have a right to sue the doctors who perform those procedures.

Smith said the law interferes with his ability to follow what he called evidence-based protocols at the expense of his most vulnerable patients.

Supporting young patients through gender-affirming treatments is "the most incredible, challenging, beautiful, gut-wrenching and heartwarming part of my job," Smith said. "When I say that gender-affirming care can be lifesaving, that is not hyperbole. And the politicians who voted for this law have no idea what it means to take that care away."

Fitzgerald countered by saying that the vast majority of children who "question their gender, if left alone, will resolve their confusion in favor of their sex by the time they are adults."

She said the law provides children with the opportunity to grow up before making "life-altering, permanent medical decisions, which will medicalize them for life."

The Associated Press contributed.