A woman told officers she woke up around 4:40 a.m. and saw a man in her room.
The man, who was armed with a knife, sexually assaulted her and took her wallet and jewelry.
Investigators believe he entered the victim's apartment through a back door.
Durham police investigators have charged Vonzell Speight, 42, with first-degree sexual offense, second-degree kidnapping, robbery with a dangerous weapon, first-degree burglary, communicating threats and assault with a deadly weapon.
Speight is not in custody at this time.
Anyone with information is asked to call Investigator J.R. Salmon at 560-4582, ext. 226 or CrimeStoppers at 683-1200.