Authorities found Taft at a residence in the 2700 block of Cartier Drive. Taft, who lives in Greensville, was taken to WakeMed.
Authorities say they have not determined whether or not the assault was a random act.
"It's just kind of unusual since the get go," neighbor George Ellis said. "I got home around 5:30 p.m. and the road's been blocked and we have no information."
Many neighbors say they're getting anxious not knowing what exactly happened in the home or why.
"They really just asked us where we were, if we saw anybody, anything unusual, walking the streets," Ellis said. "So I mean, we don't even know what time it happened."
Officials are reminding the public to remain alert and asking residents to report any suspicious activity by immediately calling 911. Police patrols have been increased in the area.
Police have restricted access to Cartier Drive for all except those who live on the street.
"This is a quiet neighborhood," neighbor Ron Harris said. "That's why I've been here for and this is the first thing that I know of that really happened in this little quiet neighborhood."
Taft has been on the State Board of Education since 1995 and ran for a North Carolina Senate seat in 2008. She is also active in the Greenville area.
State School Superintendent June Atkinson says she is hoping for a full recovery.
Anyone with information pertaining to the assault of Kathy Taft, or anyone who believes they may have seen or heard anything unusual in or near the 2700 block of Cartier Drive between Friday night and Saturday morning, is asked to call Raleigh CrimeStoppers at 919-834-HELP.