He's charged with four counts of obstructing justice and four counts of stealing, altering and destroying evidence.
Authorities say Thompson committed the crimes as a deputy, but he resigned in June 2012. He was arrested Friday.
Thompson surrendered to SBI Agents at the Wayne County Magistrate's Office and was given a $5,000 unsecured bond.
Prior to his resignation, Thompson had been with employeed with the Sheriff's Office since 2003.